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What is a Judgement of Divorce?

Judgment of divorce is a formal written document which states that a formerly married couple are now divorced. A judgment of divorce is put together by a lawyer and presented to the court for the judge to put his or her sign. It is entered in the case once a divorce has been decided. The judge will sign dissolution of marriage and set out the terms of the divorce. He or she will also sign the date for the dissolution of divorce. All the information about the divorce is contained in this document including information about child support and custody, division of property, alimony and probably spousal support. In order to revise it, the party who seeks the change would need to call the action before a judge. It is also known as the decree of dissolution, or divorce decree in some states.

Difference between judgement of divorce and divorce decree
There is a difference between a judgment of divorce and a divorce decree. A decree is written according to what the court orders a party to do; it is the determination of the rights and liabilities of the parties – while a judgment is the reasoning behind why a decree was given, explaining the legal reasoning along with the arguments given and the conclusions reached.

Final judgment of divorce
Right from the beginning of a divorce, there entails multiple hearings and court orders which can make it difficult to know when a couple is officially divorced. A final judgment of divorce is arrived at after settling the couple’s legal relationship and disposing all outstanding issues like those related to child custody, support and property division. The final judgement of divorce also sets forth the rights and responsibilities of each spouse and a statement of the facts found by the court at trial or in the couples written agreement. After this final judgment, each one of the spouse has a right to appeal the court’s decision. At times, you will find that one of the spouses will not participate in the divorce proceedings and in this case, there will be a default judgement where the court will rule in favor of the participating spouse.

A form will be written to describe all the specific terms of divorce. It spells out the names of both parties, case number, each parties rights and responsibilities, state or country both parties are from and date of divorce. It is made up of different sections or papers. If you have children, a section or paper will be written to specify on care and custody. Some spouses may also require compensation and this will be entailed on a different paper.

How to pick the best New York lawyer to help with the process of judgement of divorce
Divorce proceedings and laws can be confusing and complicated. The language in your judgment papers is of the utmost importance and a little change in a word or verb can make a huge difference especially if you are seeking for a default judgment. Simple changes can cause loopholes in your forms and thus creating room for an appeal.

To ensure a judgement that favors you, you will need to have a dedicated and experienced divorce lawyer. He or she will strategize with you and advice you on which cause of action is best to take. There are different ways to get a lawyer in New York. You can try talking to people around you, who, in turn, can recommend a good lawyer. You can also try and visit, or do a research on the various law firms online.

A judgment of divorce can take a long period of time and a lot of patience and compliance is required from both parties. For the best divorce lawyer services in New York, talk to the leading judgement of divorce attorneys at Spodek Law Group pc. on (347) 292 8630.

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Todd Spodek, managing partner at the Spodek Law Group can help you with all aspects of your divorce case, in addition to helping you get a judgement of divorce. If there are issues that are hindering your ability to get a judgement of divorce, the Spodek Law Group can help and take over the case. We’re more than just a service to get the judgement of divorce, we are a group of attorneys who understand the legal system and can work for you.

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How to Obtain a Divorce Certificate

If you have had a divorce and are looking forward to remarry or you need proof that your marriage was dissolved, you can obtain a certificate of divorce from the New York State Department of Health. You may request it by mail, online or phone. The state will offer different shipping depending on how fast you need it.

A divorce certificate is different from a divorce decree. During the final hearing in a divorce case, the court will give a divorce decree which finalizes a divorce. The decree sets terms on property division, alimony and child custody. It is filed by court clerk’s office. A divorce certificate includes general information about the divorce and the marriage such as date of the divorce and names of the spouses. It is filed with the New York State Department of Health. Only after the divorce decree has been filed by the clerk’s office will one be allowed to obtain a divorce certificate in New York. The application for a certificate of divorce requires proper identification. You will need to provide a valid photo I.D such as driver’s license or passport. Copies of the certificate can only be given to someone else other than the spouses if the request comes with a court order.

If you would like to request your certificate by mail, the New York State Department of Health website provides an application which you can download. Fill out the application and attach a copy of your identification and the required fee which may be paid by money order or by cheque then send it to the address on the form. Mail request may take up to three months to process but you can pay an additional fee for priority handling which will reduce waiting time down to one month.

The fastest option for obtaining a divorce certificate in New York is by phone or order online. You will find a phone number and a link on the New York State Department of Health website. Use the number to call the department and receive guidelines on what to provide the department with so as to get your certificate. You may pay for the department’s fee with your credit card. The processing time may take about 5 to 10 days and you might pay an additional fee to have the certificate delivered to you overnight.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q.Final Judgement Divorce

Final judgment divorce is the final order by the law declaring that a marriage is no longer existing. Even with the divorce process, the spouses remain married until their divorce judgment is signed by a judge and entered into records of the court by the court clerk. Divorce judgment is considered final when it disposes all issues outstanding, inclusive of the most sensitive ones.

Before the divorce judgment gets final, the court settles a number of factors that may cause conflict at a future date. Such factors include distribution of the marital property, child support and alimony, and division of debts if any.

The final judgement divorce is presented in writing. It’s signed by both the plaintiff and the defendant (as the law refers them) and the witnesses. It also dictates the orders outlined by the court including the effective date. However, in many jurisdictions, the welfare of children is highly considered.

Final judgment divorce has various advantages. Such benefits include:

  • It allows any spouse willing to remarry to do so and do it legally
  • Spouses get a legal order declaring them divorced
  • The rights and responsibilities of each spouse gets clearly and legally identified
  • It gives  the right to appeal if need be
  • It allows division of property acquired during marriage

Once the final judgment is reached, either or both partners can appeal the judge’s decision to a higher court. However, it is unusual for the court of appeal to overturn a jury’s or judge’s decision in a divorce case.

While you may expect for an amicable divorce process and agreement on all issues, unfortunately spouses usually have to litigate their divorce case to a final judgment in a court of law. Whether your case is resolved formally or informally, you are going to require a knowledgeable lawyer to make your case and stand for your interests.

Q.What is a judgement Divorce Decree?

judgement divorce decree, also referred to as a divorce decree is a signed court order. The court order declares that your marriage or domestic relationship is dissolved. It also includes other terms of your divorce, concerning the matters either you or your partner raised during divorce proceedings.

Contents of a Divorce Decree

The divorce decree contains similar information the divorce certificate contains and a summary of information from a divorce judgment. The document is signed by a presiding  judge. Divorce Decrees state the court case number and the fundamental facts of the divorce.  For instance, if one partner was given spousal support, the judgement divorce decree will state which partner pays and the amount.

All divorce terms, like property division and child custody are outlined in the divorce decree. It also includes other issues decided by the judge or spouses agreed on. Only one of the partners included or their lawyer may request a decree copy in many cases. A divorced individual may require the decree to check the terms of divorce or to file an action in the court of law which relates to the decree, like a petition for changing the original amount of  spousal support.

If you and your partner can agree on your divorce-related terms, your best option, if possible, is to try to resolve your case instead of requesting a judge to do so. You or your lawyers can draft your terms in a Marital Settlement Agreement, also known as Separation Agreement. This can save you both money and time in legal fees. You will have a lot of time to review your document to ensure it is accurate and complete.

When the time comes to go to court to finalise your divorce, the judge will just incorporate the divorce agreement, meaning that the document becomes part of your judgement divorce decree. In such a case, there will be no any need for trial on any of the matters contained in the divorce agreement.

If you want to protect your interests from the start of your divorce process to this critical document, consider looking for a local divorce lawyer for advice.

Q.Ignoring Divorce Judgment

Divorce judgment terms are binding to both parties unless ignored. A spouse can ignore a divorce judgment if the agreement was not made in writing meaning that there are no legal grounds to confirm their legality or existence. That’s why agreements should be written (formal), recorded in the court records and signed by the witnesses.

Consequences of Ignoring divorce judgment

If you ignore the divorce judgement papers and consequently fail to appear in court during the ruling, the court will rule in favor of the other spouse, even if the terms are beyond what you can afford. Ignoring divorce judgement may result to various consequences such as penalties, as well as, incurring extra costs.

If you disregard a divorce court order, it is not likely that you will be arrested, with one exception; you can only be arrested if you significantly fall behind in child support and the court order allows a warrant for arrest if you fall much far behind. However, this generally happens only when you build up a history of refusal to pay for child support.

Most likely, your ex-spouse will go to court and report that you have not done what the judge ordered you to do. In most states, this is known as an “enforcement motion.” Your ex-spouse can ask the court to force you to follow the part of the order you ignored. You will receive a notice of motion and the date to appear in the court.

What should I do Instead of Ignoring divorce judgment?

Any order, decree, or judgment issued by a judge is legally binding. The law requires you to do what the order demands you to do. However, this doesn’t mean that you are stuck with it forever. Almost all court orders can be modified if you take yourself back to court first, rather than wait for your ex-spouse to take you back to court to enforce a court order you failed to comply with. Alimony, custody, child support, and visitation, can usually be modified by the court if you have suffered a significant change of circumstance which makes the previous order no longer workable. Always consult a lawyer before you decide to ignore a divorce judgement.

Q.Stipulated Judgement Divorce

A stipulated judgment is the agreement signed by both partners, which settles the divorce case. It contains and addresses agreements concerning all issues in the case. Such issues include payment of legal fees, custody of children, division of property, visitation, support, and several  other issues. Such settlement or agreement becomes a jury judgment only when the jury sanctions it. A stipulated judgement divorce is also referred to as a consent judgment or an agreed judgment.

A stipulated judgment is a very detailed and lengthy document that can only be drafted by a lawyer. You don’t require a stipulated judgment divorce document to get a legal divorce. If you don’t have minor children and you have no property to be divided, you don’t require a stipulated judgment.

In a stipulated judgement divorce hearing, the judge reviews the divorce agreement and makes a decision on whether to approve it or not. For a majority of divorcing couples, a consent divorce hearing plays a crucial role in bringing their domestic relationship to a close.

A Stipulated Divorce Hearing

During the stipulated divorce hearing, the judge speaks directly with the involved parties and asks queries about the case. The judge also confirms that the individuals understand the written agreement and that they meet all the requirements for a stipulated judgment divorce. Some courts demand that you bring a testifying witness to testify regarding the circumstances of your case. If the judge does not have many queries, hearing may take a very short time.

 Approval by court

The court must approve the consent agreement before it becomes enforceable and binding.  Most stipulated divorce cases pass the judge’s review without any problem, but a judge can nevertheless withhold approval. This may sometimes happens when the judge doesn’t believe that one of the partners understands the terms of the agreement or the individuals fail to meet the residency requirements of the state. The court will also decline to approve a stipulated judgement divorce that violates the law.

Q.Violation of divorce judgment

Violation of divorce judgment takes place when one of the spouse breaches or fails to do according to the divorce settlement and judgment since such terms are binding to both parties. It can also occur in exceptional situations. For example, if your spouse was assigned a certain amount for child support but have received raise in wages that is significant. Divorce terms can be subjected to modification. Instantly, the judge will give the spouse a second and third chance to comply before imposing punishments.

 

Violation can be caused by different circumstances. For instance, the spouse may feel angry and betrayed hence try to use violation as a remedy of which it’s more of a risk than a solution. Violations includes: lack of compliance with visitation schedule, non-payment of alimony and child support.

 

If you go to the court early enough to make it known of your inability to comply to the orders, such orders can be modified. But on the other hand, it’s difficult to modify property settlement orders. However, you can present an affirmative defense in case you are genuinely unable to meet the orders of the court, and make your efforts to be able to meet them known to court.

 

However, before engaging in the process of following a violation of divorce judgment, it’s always good to consider the quantity of resources to use and what the ex-spouse can afford or even owe at the moment. Otherwise, it would be a loss.

 

Violation of divorce judgment can subject the spouse or the two in drastic consequences. You may be forced to pay the attorney fees and court costs in case your spouse has to take you back to court. It may also lead to parenting compensation, loss of property, poor credit ratings, serving a jail term or fine (depending on the violation), seizure of important documents such as passports, professional and driver licenses among others.